CICERO - Senter for klimaforskning

COP-begreper som høres ut som band

Klima - Et magasin om klimaforskning fra CICERO

Publisert 18.11.2015

Klimaforhandlingene er fulle av hemmelighetsfulle forkortelser og begreper. Noen av dem høres litt ut som navnene på indie-rock band. 

Clearing house: A service that facilitates and makes transactions among multiple parties easier. An example is the web-based technology information clearing house TT:CLEAR, developed by the UNFCCC Secretariat, simplifying technology transfer.


AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States. An ad hoc coalition of small islands and low-lying coastal countries, that share common positions on climate change and are particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels.


Non-party: A state that has not ratified the UNFCCC but attends meetings as an observer


Loss and damage: The term refers to the losses and damages that will occure despite efforts to reduce emissions of GHGs and to adapt to climatic changes.


NAMAs: Nationally appropriate mitigation actions. NAMAs state the intentions of developing countries to reduce their GHG emissions, and includes any policy, programme, project, regulation or financial initiative that reduces emissions.

NAPAs: National adaptation programmes of action. Documents prepared by Least Developed Countries (LDCs) with the focus on identifying urgent and immediate needs for adapting to climate change.


Umbrella group: A loose coalition of non-European Union developed countries formed after the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol. There is no formal membership list, but the group usually includes Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, Iceland, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Ukraine, and the United States.