Revising the national renewables policy mix in Europe - REMIX

REMIX analyses how the EU shapes national policies on renewable energy in six countries and vice versa. This knowledge will help forecasting future developments in European renewable policies.

Renewable energy currently stands for approximately 15% of the EU’s total energy consumption, and substantially more in the Nordics. The EU plans to increase the overall share of renewable energy to at least 20% by 2020 and 27% by 2030. These targets are implemented through a variety of European and national policy measures.

The REMIX project zooms in on six European countries:

the UK

An interdisciplinary team of researchers will analyse various factors that shape the European policy mix:

- National support schemes for renewable energy and EU state aid rules;
- National capacity mechanism regulations;
- The EU's climate and energy targets for 2020 and 2030;
- The pending reform of the  EU's renewable energy directive and emission trading system.

Based on these case studies, the project will develop scenarios and guidelines that forecast how national and European renewable energy policy development will develop in the next years.

The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council and several Nordic energy actors.



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Youth visiting energy park in Saerbeck, Germany. Photo: Bente Stachowske / Greenpeace.

Project details

Start and end date
4.5.2015 - 31.5.2019 (project has ended)
Norwegian Research Council

Researchers and funders in the project

REMIX was led by Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Senior Researcher at CICERO. The project combined different scientific disciplines - political scientists, legal experts, economist, with expert knowlegde of practitioners.

The research group was composed of researchers from CICERO, the Faculty of Law of the University of Oslo, University of Oslo's Department of Political Science, Freie Universität Berlin, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, THEMA Consulting, the University of Stockholm and Vrije Universiteit Brussel:

  • Andy Jordan, University of East-Anglia
  • Arild Underdal, CICERO
  • Berit Tennbakk, THEMA consulting group
  • Catherine Banet, University of Oslo
  • Elin Lerum Boasson, CICERO and University of Oslo
  • Inken Reimer, Environmental Policy Research Centre Berlin
  • ​Jørgen Wettestad, Fridtjof Nansen Institute
  • Kacper Szulecki, University of Oslo
  • Karin Bäckstrand, University of Stockholm
  • Kristin Linnerud, CICERO
  • Miranda Schreurs, Freie Universität Berlin
  • Sebastian Oberthür, Institute for European Studies Brussels
  • Tim Rayer, University of East Anglia
  • Tomas Wyns, Institute for European Studies Brussels
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg, Fridtjof Nansen Institute
  • Åse Gornitzka, University of Oslo

Funders and partners:
REMIX was funded by the Norwegian Research Council’s ENERGIX programme.

In addition, the following Norwegian and Swedish partners support the research:

  • Energi Norge
  • Energimyndigheten
  • Norges Vassdrags and Energidirektorat (NVE)
  • Statkraft
  • Statnett