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The Kyoto mechanisms and the quest for compliance: Unresolved issues and potential pitfalls

Hege Westskog, Malvik, Henrik (Working Paper;2001:03)

The purpose of this paper is to illuminate potential problems with the flexibility mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol connected to the establishment of an enforcement system. The Kyoto mechanisms are emission trading, Joint Implementation with other Annex B countries and finally the Clean Development M...

The Kyoto Protocol and the fossil fuel markets under different emission trading regimes

Mæstad, Ottar, Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;2000:10)

The consequences of the Kyoto Protocol for the fossil fuel markets depend on which policy instruments that are used in order to reach the emission targets. This paper uses a numerical model to assess the significance of international emission trading for the oil, coal and gas markets. Three differen...

Climate policy futures, energy markets, and technology: Implications for Norway

Asbjørn Torvanger, Malvik, Henrik, Kolshus, Hans H. (Working Paper;2000:09)

This paper is part of the joint CICERO and Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) project “Towards a cost-effective climate policy: The international framework and Norwegian policy framework” (“Mot en effektiv klimapolitikk: Internasjonale rammebetingelser og norsk virkemiddelbruk”). The project, financed...

A Comment on the Copenhagen Accord- Feasibility and Cost

Knut H. Alfsen, Taoyuan Wei, Solveig Glomsrød (Working Paper;2011:03)

The Copenhagen Accord has been followed up by national pledges of greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the year 2020 without specifying measures to enforce actions. As a consequence, the capacity of parties to fulfil their obligations is of basic interest. This article outlines the effects of full...

National climate policy, firm survival, and investments

Hege Westskog, Hagem, Cathrine (Working Paper;2000:08)

In this paper we consider how to design a national tradable quota system to reduce emissions of climate gases when the regulator is concerned about the survival of specific firms. The problem is studied using a two-period model with a stochastic price in the second period. This enables us to include...

Can the Clean Development Mechanism attain both cost-effectiveness and sustainable development objectives?

Asbjørn Torvanger, Aunan, Kristin, Vevatne, Jonas, Kolshus, Hans H. (Working Paper;2001:08)

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as defined in the Kyoto Protocol, has two objectives: to promote sustainable development in host developing countries, and to improve global cost-effectiveness by assisting developed countries in meeting their Kyoto targets. The aim of this paper is to explore...

Sharing the burden of greenhouse gas mitigation: Final report of the joint CICERO-ECN project on the global differentiation of emission mitigation targets among countries

Arild Underdal, Asbjørn Torvanger, Ringius, Lasse, Ybema, J.R., Volkers, C., Sijm, J., Ormel, F.T., Battjes, J.J., Jansen, J.C. (Working Paper;2001:05)

The multi-sector convergence approach: A flexible framework for negotiating global rules for national greenhouse gas emissions mitigation targets

Ybema, J.R., Volkers, C., Sijm, J., Battjes, J.J., Jansen, J.C. (Working Paper;2001:04)

Why quota trade should be restricted: The arguments behind the EU position on emissions trading

Hege Westskog (Working Paper;2001:07)

In this paper I try to clarify the background and arguments behind the EU position on emissions trading in negotiating the Kyoto Protocol and their suggestions of how the supplementarity cap in the Kyoto agreement can be operationalized. I discuss economic arguments for restricting quota trade with...

The merits of non-tradable quotas as a domestic policy instrument to prevent firm closure

Hagem, Cathrine (Working Paper;2001:06)

There is a concern in many countries that a domestic tradable quota system for greenhouse gases, where all emitters must pay for their quotas, may lead to closures of emissions-intensive industrial companies. Allocating quotas free of charge to companies operating in competitive markets has been sug...