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Who governs the environmental policy in the EU? A study of the process towards a common climate target

Marte Gerhardsen (Policy Note;1998:04)

The agreement in the Environment Council of March 1997 came as a surprise to most observers and the target was immediately regarded as a radical contribution to the international negotiation process. The Council lists up a number of national circumstances that have been taken into account when decid...

The state of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations: After the fourth UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP4) in Buenos Aires 2-13 November 1998

Asbjørn Torvanger (Policy Note;1998:05)

The fourth Conference of the Parties (COP4) under the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 2–13 November 1998. Summing up the conference, the main impression is that the climate process is moving ahead, but the speed is slower than many had anticipated and hoped....

Who governs the environmental policy in the EU? A study of the process towards a common climate target

Marte Gerhardsen (Policy Note;1998:04)

The agreement in the Environment Council of March 1997 came as a surprise to most observers and the target was immediately regarded as a radical contribution to the international negotiation process. The Council lists up a number of national circumstances that have been taken into account when decid...

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and scientific consensus: How scientists come to say what they say about climate change

Knut H. Alfsen, Tora Skodvin (Policy Note;1998:03)

In its Second Assessment Report (SAR) from 1995 the IPCC concluded that «The balance of evidence, from changes in global mean surface air temperature and from changes in geographical, seasonal and vertical patterns of atmospheric temperature, suggests a discernible human influence on global clima...

Flexible instruments in climate policy

Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;1999:01)

The presentation covers three main themes:Flexible mechanisms and cost effectiveness. Taxes vs. emission quotas: Some lessons from Norway. Some issues related to the construction of a national emission trading regime.

Kostnader ved miljø- og helseskader ved luftforurensninger: Vurdering av skadefunksjonsmetoden opp mot metoder basert på uttrykte preferanser

Asbjørn Aaheim, Kristin Aunan, Hans Martin Seip (Policy Note;1998:06)

For vurdering og verdsetting av miljø og helseskader kan det anvendes "top-down" (TD) eller "bottom-up" (BU) metoder (Aaheim, 1994; Aunan et al., 1995; Swisher, 1996). I TD metoder benyttes makro-økonomiske modeller; noe som er spesielt egnet for å analysere virkningene av indirekte tiltak (skatter...

Wealth, Welfare and Sustainable Growth and Development: Challenges of Economic- and Fiscal Policies in Resource-Producing Countries

Thorvald Moe (Policy Note;2011:01)

This Policy Note discuses, based on modern development theory and wealth accounting, challenges for economic- and fiscal policies in resource-producing countries defined as countries - both developed and developing low income countries - which rely heavily on non-renewable or exhaustible natural wea...

Kostnader ved miljø- og helseskader ved luftforurensninger: Vurdering av skadefunksjonsmetoden opp mot metoder basert på uttrykte preferanser

Asbjørn Aaheim, Kristin Aunan, Hans Martin Seip (Policy Note;1998:06)

For vurdering og verdsetting av miljø og helseskader kan det anvendes "top-down" (TD) eller "bottom-up" (BU) metoder (Aaheim, 1994; Aunan et al., 1995; Swisher, 1996). I TD metoder benyttes makro-økonomiske modeller; noe som er spesielt egnet for å analysere virkningene av indirekte tiltak (skatter...

Wealth, Welfare and Sustainable Growth and Development: Challenges of Economic- and Fiscal Policies in Resource-Producing Countries

Thorvald Moe (Policy Note;2011:01)

This Policy Note discuses, based on modern development theory and wealth accounting, challenges for economic- and fiscal policies in resource-producing countries defined as countries - both developed and developing low income countries - which rely heavily on non-renewable or exhaustible natural wea...

Flexible instruments in climate policy

Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;1999:01)

The presentation covers three main themes:Flexible mechanisms and cost effectiveness. Taxes vs. emission quotas: Some lessons from Norway. Some issues related to the construction of a national emission trading regime.