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Aspects of burden-sharing of common action to mitigate climate change

Asbjørn Aaheim (Working Paper;1995:02)

The paper discusses burden-sharing of a common 'ceiling' for total emissions of CO2 for a group of countries. The distribution of quotas is assumed to be based on the anticipated emissions in each country after a uniform carbon tax is imposed. A 'fair' burden can be defined as the resulting reductio...

UNCED-prosessen og Nordens rolle

Helga Hernes (Working Paper;1994:15)

Denne artikkelen tar opp dilemmaet mellom nasjonal suverenitet og behovet for internasjonalt forpliktende samarbeid innenfor miljø- og ressursforvaltning. UNCED-prosessen har vært preget av denne spenningen spesielt i forhold til Nord/Sør-dialogen. Selv om Rio-erklæringen prioriterer statssuverenite...

Structure and agent in scientific diplomacy: Institutional design and leadership performance in the science-politics interface of climate change

Tora Skodvin (Working Paper;1994:14)

Science constitutes a central component in international environmental policy-making. Scientific advisory bodies have increasingly become integral parts of negotiating efforts to combat common environmental problems. Still, the conditions for, and mechanisms under which, scientific knowledge is tran...

The impact of international institutions: The case of EU environmental policy and Central European responses

Janne Haaland Matlary (Working Paper;1995:04)

This article analyzes to what extent EU environmental policy has had an impact in East-Central Europe. It does so by first, looking at the role of the EU as an actor in environmental policy – to what extent is a unified actor?, second, it records the empirical role that the EU has played in this pol...

Methodologies of health impact assessment as part of an integrated approach to reduce effects of air pollution

Kristin Aunan, Hans Martin Seip (Working Paper;1995:07)

Quantification of average frequencies of health effects on a population level is an essential part of an integrated assessment of pollution effects. Epidemiological studies seem to provide the best basis for such estimates. This paper gives an introduction to a methodology for health impact assessme...

Democratization and the issue of climate change in Brazil 1987-1994

Sjur Kasa (Working Paper;1995:06)

The paper describes the development of Brazilian positions and policies related to the issue of climate change during the 1987–1994 period. The main focus of the paper is on the political conflicts connected to the most important Brazilian source of greenhouse gas emissions, namely deforestation in...

Denmark's environmental aid to Central and Eastern Europe: Present and future

Lasse Ringius, Jesper Holm, Børge Klemmensen (Working Paper;1995:03)

Soon after the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe in the late 1980s, Denmark took steps to protect the environment in these areas and later made a strong commitment to step up its environmental aid. But the goals of Denmark's environmental aid policy for Central and Eastern Europe were...

The Commission as policy-maker: The need to venture beyond state-centric integration theory

Janne Haaland Matlary (Working Paper;1995:05)

This article criticizes Andrew Moravcsik´s model of two-level states-EU interaction on three counts: it neglects EU actors, assumes the primacy of state actors, and further assumes that interests are formed prior to policy interaction at the EU-level. Empirical evidence of especially the Commission'...

Methodologies of health impact assessment as part of an integrated approach to reduce effects of air pollution

Kristin Aunan, Hans Martin Seip (Working Paper;1995:07)

Quantification of average frequencies of health effects on a population level is an essential part of an integrated assessment of pollution effects. Epidemiological studies seem to provide the best basis for such estimates. This paper gives an introduction to a methodology for health impact assessme...

Democratization and the issue of climate change in Brazil 1987-1994

Sjur Kasa (Working Paper;1995:06)

The paper describes the development of Brazilian positions and policies related to the issue of climate change during the 1987–1994 period. The main focus of the paper is on the political conflicts connected to the most important Brazilian source of greenhouse gas emissions, namely deforestation in...