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Climate change and sustainability in Europe

Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;2001:03)

This paper discusses the climate history of the Earth, exploring some of the driving forces of climate change along the way. It points out that it may not be the gradual increase in global mean temperature that we have to fear the most. Rather the variability of the climate may pose an even greater...

On the question of PPP corrections to the SRES scenarios

Bjart Holtsmark, Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;2004:01)

Ian Castles and David Henderson have criticized IPCC’s Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) (IPCC, 2000) for using market exchange rates (MER) instead of purchasing power parities (PPP) when converting regional GDP into a common denominator. The consequence is that poor countries generally a...

Historiens kraftlinjer: Klimapolitiske posisjoner og strategier overfor utslippsintensiv industri i fem norske industrikommuner

Sjur Kasa (Policy Note;2003:01)

Hvilke posisjoner har norske industrikommuner i den politiske prosessen rundt reguleringer av utslipp av klimagasser fra industrien og hvilke strategier anvender de for å vinne fram? Dette spørsmålet blir belyst gjennom intervjuer med den politiske ledelsen i fem norske industrikommuner. Konklusjone...

United States participation in future climate agreements: An assessment

Andreas Tjernshaugen (Policy Note;2005:01)

The report identifies the major obstacles to U.S. participation in an international treaty to control greenhouse gas emissions, and suggests some possible strategies for reengaging the United States. It proceeds as follows: Section one outlines the U.S. climate policy process up to the present. Sect...

The use of PPP or MER in the construction of emission scenarios is more than a question of "metrics"

Bjart Holtsmark, Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;2004:03)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES, IPCC, 2000) has been a matter of debate since Ian Castles and David Henderson claimed that the scenarios were based on unsound economics giving rise to improbably high emission growth. A main point in...

Would including more source species enhance the cost-effectiveness of climate policy?

Asbjørn Torvanger (Policy Note;2004:02)

Incorporating ozone precursors and particle emissions in future climate policy agreements could improve the level of cost-effectiveness, but would also add complexity and complications to negotiation, reporting and implementation. To assess the cost saving potential, a case study of Norway is carrie...

Sustaining Welfare for Future Generations. A Review Note on the Capital Approach to the Measurement of Sustainable Development

Thorvald Moe, Knut H. Alfsen, Mads Greaker (Policy Note;2013:01)

The objective of this policy paper is twofold: -To present an update on an economic approach to measure sustainable development - the capital approach - and how this approach may be combined with the ecological approach to arrive at indicators of sustainable development; -Show how this analytical...

A Kantian approach to a sustainable development indicator for climate

Mads Greaker, Per Espen Stoknes, Knut H. Alfsen, Torgeir Ericson (Working Paper;2012:02)

How can the informed citizen know if the government is implementing a good-enough climate change policy? Most developed democracies have their own set of indicators for sustainable development, including indicators for climate change. These include yearly national emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHG...

Energy Market Impacts of Nuclear Power Phase-Out Policies

Solveig Glomsrød, Taoyuan Wei, Torben Kenea Mideksa, Bjørn Hallvard Samset (Working Paper;2013:01)

After the Fukushima disaster in March 2011 safety concerns have escalated and policies towards nuclear power are being reconsidered in several countries. This article presents a study of the effect of nuclear power phase-out on regional electricity prices. We consider 4 scenarios with various levels...

A Kantian approach to a sustainable development indicator for climate

Mads Greaker, Per Espen Stoknes, Knut H. Alfsen, Torgeir Ericson (Working Paper;2012:02)

How can the informed citizen know if the government is implementing a good-enough climate change policy? Most developed democracies have their own set of indicators for sustainable development, including indicators for climate change. These include yearly national emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHG...